幼兒識部首 Focus on Bushou – 水部

水,是孩子每天會接觸到的東西:飲用、清潔、玩耍⋯ 孩子和水有着緊密的關係。水是那樣的難以捉摸、變幻多端,難怪總會讓孩子樂而忘返。
水,也是最常用的漢字部首之一。

這裏的幾個活動目的是讓孩子集中學習水部首。

學習目標

  • 能認識水字和水部的字形演變 (象形字)
  • 能說出水部代表的意義
  • 能正確掌握水部的筆畫名稱、筆形和筆順
  • 能辨認出水部的字
  • 能利用水部認識其他同部首的字


Water, 水, is always children's favourite. It is of ultimate importance to all lives.
Unsurprisingly, 水 (氵) is one of the most commonly used Bushous (部首, radicals) of Chinese characters.

The activities outlined here focus on the study of this bushou.

What I will learn

  • To recognise the character 水 and understand its formation and evolution.
  • To tell the meaning of 水.
  • To say the names of the strokes of 氵, to know how each stroke is written and the correct order of writing them.
  • To identify characters that have the same氵bushou.
  • To learn other characters through the氵bushou.

ACTIVITIES OF THE WEEK 本週活動

在做以下活動之前,最好能先讓孩子玩玩水,作為他身心的準備,能加強學習成效。
以下的活動,每次選一樣來做就好,不要讓孩子感到疲勞有壓力。


活動一 認識部首演變&意義

 WHAT YOU NEED 道具 

   

 HOW TO PREPARE 事前準備 
  • 將PDF列印出來
  • 將第2頁的四幅圖片逐一剪下來
  • Print out the worksheets. Cut out the 4 diagrams of p2.
 HOW TO PLAY 玩法 
  1. 利用第1頁的內容,向孩子講述水字的起源、水字的演變和水部的變形
  2. 向孩子解說水部的兩個主要意義:
    (a) 含有水的名詞,例如:海、河、(果)汁、汗水
    (b) 和水有關的活動或動作,例如:洗澡、游泳、流
  3. 讓孩子將4張水字演變圖片按演變發展順序排列出來

只要孩子願意,鼓勵他重複玩。

  1. Show P1 of the worksheet to your child. Explain to them how the character 水 was first "drawn", resembling flowing water. Show them how it gradually evolved to its present day form. Also show its form when it is written as a bushou.
  2. Explain to your child the 2 major meanings of  the characters with 氵bushou:
    (a) nouns that contain water, such as: 海 (the sea)、河 (the river)、(果)汁 (juice)、汗水 (sweat)
    (b) actions related to water, such as: 洗澡 (to bathe)、游泳 (to swim)、流 (to flow)
  3. Ask your child to arrange the 4 diagrams of the evolution of 水 in their correct order.

活動二  認識水部字形

 WHAT YOU NEED 道具   HOW TO PREPARE 事前準備 
  • 將PDF的 p3 列印出來
  • print out p3

 HOW TO PLAY 玩法 
  1. 讓孩子看水部字形,認識水部。水部亦稱為「三點水」
  2. 利用第一幅藍色水部圖片,逐筆告訴孩子水部的筆順和名稱:點、點、剔(提)。
  3. 讓孩子用手指在水部字形上描繪,一面描,一面說出筆畫名稱
  4. 孩子在5個空心字形上分別填上他喜愛的顏色,用蠟筆、水彩、七彩閃粉膠水⋯ 都可以
  1. Show your child how氵is written. Tell them this is 水部。It is also known as 三點水.
  2. Using the first diagram (solid colour), tell your child the name of each stroke, in correct order: 點 /dian/、點 /dian/、剔(提) /ti/.
  3. Ask your child to use their finger to trace the氵bushou while saying each stroke name.
  4. Invite your child to colour in the 5 氵bushou in their favourite colours

活動三  認識水部的字 & 詞彙

 WHAT YOU NEED 道具 

   

 HOW TO PREPARE 事前準備 

  • 將PDF的 p4列印出來 print out p4 of the worksheet
  • 按孩子的進度,將他已學過的水部字的課文和字卡都準備好 Get the lessons and cards of the characters ready
 HOW TO PLAY 玩法 
  1. 練習紙上的字依基礎漢字500課程教授的次序排列
  2. 每個字的九宮格的顏色與基礎漢字500級別的顏色一致,方便家長識別孩子是否已學會個別漢字
  3. 每個漢字旁邊有一個相關的詞彙,用字都在課程之內,配合孩子的進度。鼓勵教導孩子一起學習
  1. The 10 characters on the worksheet are arranged in the same order as how they are taught in the Basic Chinese 500 course.
  2. The writing grid of the characters follow the same colour scheme of each level of the course. They help you to verify if your child has already learnt the characters.
  3. There is a word next to each character. All the characters are taught in the course. Please encourage your child to learn them together.

更多常識 Additional information

要是孩子有一定的理解力,你可以進一步向孩子解說水字相關的知識,加強他對水的印象,豐富他的常識認知。

根據《說文解字》, 水字可以解釋為「評度的標准」,例如:水平。在五行中,水代表北方的屬性。

中國的地理環境變化多端,水的形態也各有不同。自古以來,我們的先人對水就有很仔細的分類和描述。在甲骨文中,動態的流水一般寫作縱向    或 

而靜止或漫流的水通常寫作橫向 

以下是由山上的源頭開始的各種「水」的名稱:


Depending on your child’s age and understanding, you can also tell them more stories about water to help them relate to the words and enrich their knowledge.

According to《說文解字》 which is the classic Chinese dictionary, one of the meanings of水 is “the standard of evaluation”, such as 水平. In the 5 basic elements (五行), water represents the north.

The vast land of China encompasses a rich array of variations of geographic features, which results in different types of bodies of water. Our ancestors studied these bodies of water and came up with different words to describe them. In ancient writing, actively flowing waters are written vertically ( ) whereas quieter or still waters are written horizontally ( ).

The table below shows how different bodies of water are called, starting from the source of water in the mountains.

各種水的名稱 How different bodies of water are called in Chinese

水流的源頭
The source of water
quán
石壁上飛濺的山泉
The mountain water splashing from the cliffs
shuǐ
由山泉匯成的水
When various 泉 gather together
jiàn
山澗在地面匯成的清流
The clear water formed when several brooks in the mountains gather together
眾多小溪匯成的水流
The small river formed when several streams merge
chuān
眾多川流匯成的大川
The larger river formed when several smaller rivers merge
最大的河
The largest river
jiāng

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