同聲同氣同音字 Homophone card games

漢語的同音字很多,而韻字就更多。要是我們將這兩種特色以遊戲的形式融入孩子的語文學習,那就一方面能為他們導入這種語文現象的概念,另一方面能有系統地擴充他們的識字量,也鞏固了他們對生字的記憶。況且用這種遊戲中學習的方法,在輕鬆愉快的環境下更有利於記憶。當孩子熟習了同音/同韻字,有助他們日後書寫能力的發展。

以下的遊戲特別為基礎漢字500的小朋友而設計。利用閱讀練習卡,可以根據孩子的學習進度調整遊戲的難度。

[註:遊戲按普通話讀音]

Homophones are one of the major features of Chinese. One effective way to introduce this important feature to children is through games. Such games help increase children's awareness to homophones. They are also effective ways to systematically expand their vocabulary, and to help them remember those words. A solid understanding of homophones and rhyming characters will help children develop writing ability in future.

The game described here is adapted to the Basic Chinese 500 courseWith the help of these Study Cards, you can adjust the game to suit your child's progress.

*Note: the game is based on Putonghua pronunciation.

本週遊戲 ACTIVITIES OF THE WEEK

同聲同氣 (age 3+歲以上)

 WHAT YOU NEED 道具   HOW TO PREPARE 事前準備 

初級 (啟蒙級 - 躍進級)

進階 (信心級 & 實力級)

 HOW TO PLAY 玩法 
  1. 將孩子已學過的漢字字卡洗亂,陣列在孩子面前,字面向上
  2. 讓孩子選一張字卡,請他讀出來 (讀出後,可以用卡背的拼音檢查是否正確)
  3. 請孩子將另一張同音字指出來
  1. Choose the homophone characters that your child has already learnt. Mix up the cards and lay them out in front of your child, with the characters facing upwards.
  2. Ask the child to choose one card, and read it out loud. (You could check the pronunciation with help of the pinyin at the back of the card)
  3. Ask the child to point out the other character which is pronounced the same as the one they just picked up.
 ALTERNATIVE WAYS TO PLAY 玩法變化 

視乎孩子的情況,你可以增加以下的活動:

  1. 每當孩子拿起一個字,問問孩子:記得這個字在書中哪裏出現過嗎?記得那句句子嗎?
  2. 每個字請孩子 說一句含有這個字的話。這樣不但可以學習運用和造句,還可以幫助孩子清楚識別兩個同音字的不同意義和用法。

Depending on your child’s age and progress, you can incorporate the following activities:

  1. For each card your child picked up, ask if they can remember where in the books they have seen this character, and if they can remember the sentence(s).
  2. Ask your child to make up and say one more sentence, using this character. This will ensure your child understands the differences between the two homophones.


你和孩子玩過這遊戲後有甚麼反映嗎?我們很期待欣賞孩子玩這遊戲的照片喔。很多家長都已是我們 Facebook 群組【講媽 · 講爸園地】 的成員,歡迎你也加入我們。

加入【講媽 · 講爸園地】

We would love to hear your comments and see pictures of your kids doing the activities. Make sure you join our Sagebooks HK Parent Support Facebook Group and share with us!

老編心得 TIP OF THE WEEK

將語文遊戲帶到生活中。
例如要學韻字,可以選定一個字(例如「爸」),當天之內遇到或用到與這個字押韻的就指出來:小巴、菊花、蝦… 從這些不必認讀的語文遊戲開始,讓孩子漸漸感到語文的各種趣味性,日後再搬到紙上就容易多了。

Make learning FUN.
Encourage your child to invent their own words, no matter how silly or “wrong” they might sound. Soon you’ll realise even with made up words, they sound Chinese and they follow some Chinese linguistic patterns. Congratulations! It’s a sign that they are feeling the language. And when their made-up words do sound like some existing ones, write down the existing words for your child.

 

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