剪貼填色拼拼樂 Colouring Puzzle FUN

剪貼和填色都是孩子喜愛的活動。原因很簡單也很重要:一來孩子天生喜愛色彩,二來鍛練自己的手眼協調和操控能力是他們成長發育的基本需求。因此,我們也很自然地經常為孩子們提供這類遊戲活動,滿足他們的心理和成長需要。

剪貼和填色遊戲聽起來很簡單。但是看上去同類的遊戲,只要我們能加點小變化,就很能適合不同年齡的孩子的需要。你可能沒想到,即使是一般的填色玩意,也能幫助我們開展不同的親子溝通話題,為孩子增添各種常識教育。

這次我們就以一個簡單的活動做示範,希望能成為家長和教師們發揮更多活動創意的靈感。

基本活動

下載「填色拼拼樂」

(下載PDF 內含5頁)

 玩法 

1. 將每頁的圖案沿長方形框線剪開。

2. 將它們排組成正確圖畫,貼到一張A4紙上。可以用不同顏色的手工紙。

3. 按照每頁的數字和顏色指示,填上顏色。

4. 一共5頁。逐一完成吧。

要是你是位勤力的家長,可以參考下面的不同玩法變化。

變化1

1. 先按照每頁的數字和顏色指示,填上顏色。

2. 然後做剪貼拼圖。

變化2

1. 年幼的孩子,或是第一次做這類活動的孩子,完成一頁才做下一頁。

2. 較為年長的孩子、能力強的孩子,接受挑戰吧:把五頁的拼圖都一次剪下來,然後逐一拼成正確的圖畫。難度立即升級了,哇哈!

變化3

1. 先把每頁的數字所用的顏色改成孩子自定的顏色。

2. 把小長方形圖片剪下來。

3. 按照自定顏色填色。

4. 把拼圖逐一完成。

要是已經做過一次「範本」顏色的拼圖,請孩子將兩款完成作品比較一下,有甚麼不同的感覺或印象呢?這個時期的孩子對色彩是敏感的,我們不妨把握這個機會教導他們各種與色彩相關的知識。

孩子能說出在日常生活中有些甚麼東西是設計一樣,但是有不同顏色供大家選擇的呢?衣物、餐具用品、手機⋯⋯ 其實有很多呢。

讓孩子再用同一個方法,設定不同的自定顏色,做出幾款不同的拼圖,排放着來個視覺的比較。也可以成為孩子的擺設裝飾、或是「設計畫展」。

請孩子盡情地發揮創意吧。

小秘密
這五款圖案出自哪裏呢?

讓孩子自己去發掘。找到了嗎?這樣,孩子和書本的關係更拉近了。

下次看完書,要按照圖案,自己來整理收拾囉。


我們會經常為大家探討漢字和語文的課題。
要是你有特別的相關課題希望我們探討,歡迎您告訴我們。

We discuss Chinese language and culture related topics on a regular basis.
If you would like us to discuss certain topics about Chinese, please let us know.

我想提問 I have a request

更多教養支援 SUPPORT FOR YOU
很多家長都已是我們 Facebook 群組【講媽 · 講爸園地】 的成員。歡迎你也加入我們,一起互相鼓勵和支持,共同為孩子的學習而努力。
加入【講媽 · 講爸園地】(中文)

Many parents are already part of our Facebook Group. If you’d like to take advantage of the collective wisdom of your fellow parents, please join us.
JOIN SUPPORT GROUP (English)
We’d love to hear from you.

 

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七大家族 (部首遊戲) 7 Families (Bushou game)

(English follows Chinese)

中文,無論是哪種方言,都有很多同音字。這難免就會帶來誤寫、誤解的問題。

一種常見的情況是當我們碰上名字,不管是人的姓名、商店名、街道或大廈的名字,因為沒有上文下理可循,我們就必須問清楚:到底是哪個字?

要是英文或其他字母語言,一般都會要求:「請您拼出來。」

那中文,要是你要告訴人家「hú」字,你要怎樣說清楚到底是哪個字呢?

這時,漢字的部首和部件就派上用場了。我們會說:古月「胡」,或是米字旁的「糊」、三點水的「湖」…這樣一說,很容易就能懂了。

當你一時想不起一個字該怎麼寫的時候,部首和部件也可以成為一種提醒。例如

你問:yì 思的 yì 要怎麼寫?
朋友:哦… 「立」字下面一個「曰」,再下面是一個「心」。

你就會知道:是「意」。

你再問:kū 字怎麼寫呢?
朋友:並排兩個「口」,下面一個「犬」字。 (哭)

所以,熟練漢字部件有很大的實用價值。
以下介紹的遊戲「七大家族」,能加深小朋友對漢字部首的掌握喔。


There are many homophonic characters in Chinese, regardless of dialect. This can cause confusion or miswriting, especially when it concerns names, be it the name of a person, a shop, a street or a building. In this case, there is no context for us to guess which character would be the right one, and it is important that we know exactly how it is written.

In English, or any other language that uses an alphabet, it would be easy to ask for the spelling of a word.

In Chinese, if you were told it’s the character / hú/, how do you ask exactly which /hú/ it is?

This is the time when bushou and bujian (common part) come in handy. Often, you would be told that it is 古月「胡」, or the one with the 米 bushou, or the one with the 三點水 bushou. This usually is enough for instant clarification.

Bujian can also be helpful when you have forgotten how a character should be written and you need to ask for help. For example:

YOU: How do you write /yì/ as in /yì si/ (meaning)?
Friend: Oh, first you write a 立, then a 曰 beneath, then a 心 at the bottom.

You will know it’s written as 意.

Another example:

YOU: How do you write /kū/ (to cry)?
Friend: Two 口 side by side, then a 犬 underneath them. (哭)

As you can see, the knowledge of bushou and bujian is of practical importance.
Below is an excellent card game for children to practice their knowledge of bushou.

七大家族 Seven Families

七大家族原本是法國的一個傳統卡牌遊戲。我們將它改編成配合思展方程式課程的部首遊戲。
7 Families is a traditional French card game. We have adapted it to the Sage Formula course to help children to practice bushou.

 道具 WHAT YOU NEED    準備 HOW TO PREPARE  
  • 選定7個不同部首,每個部首從每級取出一個字,共35張字卡。(七個部首家族,每個家族有5個顏色成員。) Choose 7 different bushous. For each bushou, pick out 5 character cards, one from each level. You should have a total of 35 cards. (7 Bushou families, each has 5 members which are the 5 colours of the levles.)
  • 如要防止孩子利用卡背的顏色標記或拼音出貓,可以用和紙貼之類將它們先遮掩起來。You might want to cover up the colour markings or pinyin at the back of the cards, such as with washi tape, to prevent cheating.
  • 下表為你提供了12個部首的參考。The table below shows you an example, with 12 bushous.

部首家族
啟蒙級
- 藍色
萌芽級
- 綠色
躍進級
- 橙色
信心級
- 桃色
實力級
- 紅色
塊 (块) 壞 (坏) 場 (场)
媽 (妈)
 忄 
 心 
樹 (树) 樣 (样) 橋 (桥)
廿 (繁體)
葉 (叶*) 藍 (蓝)
月 (簡體)
背*

* 「葉」的簡體是 [叶],不屬 [艸 (艹)] 部。「背」的繁體屬 [肉] 部,不屬 [月] 部。這兩個部首要視乎繁/簡體才能玩這遊戲。
*  心部 有兩種寫法:在左旁的是「豎心旁」,在底下的是「心字底」。

 玩法 HOW TO PLAY 
  1. 每人派7張卡。餘下的卡牌疊成一份,字面向下,放在中間。
  2. 第一個孩子 (甲) 向任何另一個孩子取卡。、甲必須說明要哪個部首的哪個顏色的卡,例如:「我要提手旁家族的藍色卡。」
  3. (a) 要是被問的孩子有那張卡,就把卡交出給甲收藏;(b) 要是被問的孩子沒有那張卡,甲就從中間的卡堆中取最上面的一張卡。如果甲取到的卡正是他要索取的那張,甲必須喊「碰!」讓大家知道。
  4. (a) 不管甲是從別人處得到或是從中間的卡堆中抽到他所要的卡,他都可以繼續向另一人以同樣方式要求再取一張卡;(b) 如果甲未能得到他要的那張卡,就輪到下一個孩子以相同方式取他需要的卡。
  5. 當有人集齊了同一個部首的5張顏色卡,就完成了一個部首家族。他要把那個部首家族的5張卡公開排在自己面前。所有人繼續遊戲。
  6. 當所有的卡都組成了部首家族,遊戲就結束了。
  7. 組成最多部首家族的孩子勝出。
  1. Each person gets 7 cards. Put the remaining cards in a stack, face (character side) down, in the centre.
  2. Player 1 asks any other player for 1 card, specifying the colour and the bushou Family, e.g.: "I want the blue card from the X Family".
  3. (a) If the player they asked has the card, s/he will give it to Player 1. (b) If the other player does not have the card, Player 1 will draw one card from the centre stack. Player 1 should call out “Got it” if the drawn card is exactly the one s/he asks for.
  4. (a) If Player 1 gets the card they asked for, whether it is from a player or a stack, they can play again and ask for another card. (b) If they do not, it is the next player's turn to ask for a card.
  5. A Family is formed when a player collects all 5 coloured cards of the same bushou. The player lays the completed Family down in front of them. All players continue to play.
  6. The game ends when all the cards have been used to form all of the Families.
  7. The one with most Families wins.
 玩法變化 ALTERNATIVE WAYS TO PLAY  
  1. 年紀小的孩子,或是只學到某一級的孩子,每個部首的選字酌量減少。例如:只用頭2級的字 (14張) / 頭3級的字 (21張)…
  2. 孩子年紀小、人數少、時間不足…,也可以減少部首的數目。
  3. 可以請每個孩子將自己組成的部首家族中的字逐一讀出來,作為練習。
  1. If your children are very young or are only up to the first few levels, reduce the number of cards for each bushou, and limit to only the levels they have learnt.
  2. Reduce the number of bushou families if your children are very young, or if there are only 2-3 players, or if there is not enough time.
  3. You could ask each child to read out the characters in the bushou families they have formed.

熱身遊戲 ACTIVITIES TO WARM UP

我們特意為剛開始學習的小朋友設計了以下的兩款熱身遊戲。
We have designed 2 warm up activities for children who are just starting out.

(熱身一)部首大風吹 (age 3+ 歲, 一人以上遊戲 single or multiple players)

 道具 WHAT YOU NEED    準備 HOW TO PREPARE  
  • 選 2-7 張屬同一部首的字卡 + 1 張不同部首的字卡。Choose 2-7 characters of a same bushou, plus 1 character of a different bushou.
 玩法 HOW TO PLAY 
  1. 將字卡(最少2張相同部首+1張不同部首)都排在孩子面前。
  2. 請孩子將不同部首的那張取走。
  1. Lay the study cards (at least 2 of the same bushou + 1 of a different bushou) in front of your child.
  2. Ask your child to pick out the one with a different bushou.
 玩法變化 ALTERNATIVE WAYS TO PLAY  
  1. 年幼的孩子開始時減少字卡的數目。
  2. 年長或已掌握字數多的孩子可以增加字卡數目
  3. 年長或能力強的孩子,可以選幾個不同部首的字,每個部首有2個以上的字,再加一個單獨屬於一個部首的字 (例如:好/妹/她 3張 女部, 你/住 2張人部, 紅/給/綠 3張糸部, 然後只選一個 [河] 字屬水部),請孩子將不能與別的字成組的那張選出來。
  1. If your child is very young or is just starting out, use fewer cards.
  2. If your child is older and knows more characters, use more cards.
  3. If your child is older and knows more characters, you can also include 2+ cards of different bushous, plus 1 card of a bushou on its own (e.g. 好/妹/她 which are 女 bushou, 你/住 which are 人 bushou, 紅/給/綠 which are 糸 bushou, then 河 which is 水 bushou but is on its own here). Ask your child to pick out the odd one.

(熱身二)跟領袖 Follow the leader (age 3+ 歲, 2人以上遊戲 multiple players)

 道具 WHAT YOU NEED    準備 HOW TO PREPARE  
  • 選幾張字卡作為部首卡。(例如:木/口/女/手/人/水/心。) 洗均勻由你拿着。Choose several bushou cards (e.g. 木/口/女/手/人/水/心). Shuffle them and keep them with you.
  • 按你所選的部首卡,每個部首選幾張字卡。(總數量可以是人數的5倍)。Following the bushou of what you have chosen, pick out several cards for each bushou. The total number of cards can be 5 times of the number of children.
 玩法 HOW TO PLAY 
  1. 由你翻出一張部首卡,孩子在字卡堆中選出一個同部首的字。
  2. 要是孩子選對,那張字卡屬他。
  3. 你翻出另一張部首卡,由下一名孩子繼續。
  4. 要是與你翻出的部首相同的字已被取光,你再翻另一個部首讓孩子找。
  5. 大家輪流直到取光所有字卡。
  6. 最後最多字卡在手的孩子勝出。
  1. You deal 1 bushou card. The first child finds a character with the same bushou from the chosen cards.
  2. The child keeps the card if it is correct.
  3. You deal another bushou card. The next child finds a character with the same bushou.
  4. If there is no more of the character of the same bushou, you can deal another bushou card ask the child to look again.
  5. The children take turns until all the cards have been taken.
  6. The one with the most cards wins
 玩法變化 ALTERNATIVE WAYS TO PLAY  
  1. 年幼的孩子開始時減少字卡的數目。
  2. 年長或已掌握字數多的孩子可以增加字卡數目
  1. If your child is very young or is just starting out, use fewer cards.
  2. If your child is older and knows more characters, use more cards.
我們會經常為大家探討漢字和語文的課題。
要是你有特別的相關課題希望我們探討,歡迎您告訴我們。

We discuss Chinese language and culture related topics on a regular basis.
If you would like us to discuss certain topics about Chinese, please let us know.

我想提問 I have a request

更多教養支援 SUPPORT FOR YOU
很多家長都已是我們 Facebook 群組【講媽 · 講爸園地】 的成員。歡迎你也加入我們,一起互相鼓勵和支持,共同為孩子的學習而努力。
加入【講媽 · 講爸園地】(中文)

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「春風」自家教課程 Spring Homeschooling

一年之計在於春;一生之計在於勤。

剛開了年,小朋友口袋裏裝滿了紅包,肚子裏吃飽了各式各樣的賀歲美食,正是養精蓄銳,為這一年訂下學習目標和計劃的好時機。然後按步就班,讓今年來個大豐收。

最近,我們都經歷着社會的動盪、自然的災害、疫症的威脅、國際關係的變化… 然而,地球始終如一地在轉動運行,時間不會停下來,孩子仍然每分每秒地成長,父母依然要好好把握住他們每個發展的高敏期,給孩子最好的基礎教育。

孩子的啟蒙教育少不了一位好老師,而孩子最好的老師,就是自己的父母。在爸爸媽媽為他安排的舒適、安穩的家庭環境中,有父母親切、溫馨的陪伴和啟導,春風化雨,孩子自然能輕鬆無壓力、健康快樂地學習和成長。

問題來了…

「但是,要教些甚麼?怎樣教呀?」– –很多家長會這樣問。

有方案喔!

思展特別 免費 推出:
「春風」自家教  課程
「春風」自家教課程 特色

  • 十二個活動,讓小朋友「手到、眼到、心到、耳到、口到」地學習
  • 訓練孩子的語文和數理思維能力,加強孩子的認知發展
  • 從基礎開始為孩子塑造學習型大腦,鍛練孩子的:
    • 專注力
    • 邏輯思維
    • 記憶力
    • 視覺辨認
    • 觀察力
  • 編碼基礎練習,助孩子迎接AI世代
  • 為父母提供神經學習科學小提示,教你利用腦神經學最新發現,理解孩子的大腦機能,從而全面提升孩子的終身學習能力
  • 思展方程式的埸景和人物登場,一起陪伴孩子快樂練習
  • 全課程備有繁體版及簡體版
  • 結合遊戲卡,多元化活動延伸學習
  • 完全免費

一個月的課程,隔天發表新內容。

全程12課的「春風」自家教課程內容包括:

課數 學習內容
第一課 [看一看]判別類同字、分類統計、認讀、漢字部件
第二課 [剪一剪] 對稱、認讀、成語、圖形組合、運筆、書寫
第三課 [聽一聽] 聆聽、分類、編碼、統計、認讀
第四課 [比一比] 筆畫、筆順、長短、記憶
第五課 [寫一寫] 書寫、觀察、造句、運筆、邏輯
第六課 [貼一貼] 砌圖、順序、觀察、圖形組合
第七課 [塗一塗] 手眼協調、觀察、造字常識、圖形、成語、記憶
第八課 [拼一拼] 圖形、認讀、觀察、記憶、三維概念
第九課 [連一連] 圖形、漢字部件、認讀、詞彙、手眼
第十課 [說一說] 表達、記憶、左右方位、手眼、重疊概念
第十一課 [想一想] 編碼、觀察、空間轉換、認讀、思維訓練
第十二課 [讀一讀] 朗讀、手眼、字體辨別、破音字

每課除了以上的遊戲紙學習之外,還會有活動的卡牌遊戲活動。

春風得意馬蹄疾... 小朋友也快馬加鞭,精神奕奕地一起來遊戲中學習吧。

「春風」自家教 Spring Homeschooling
更多教養支援 SUPPORT FOR YOU
很多家長都已是我們 Facebook 群組【講媽 · 講爸園地】 的成員。在自家教的過程中,這種群體支持力量就更重要了。
歡迎你也加入我們,一起互相鼓勵和支持,共同為孩子的學習而努力。

加入【講媽 · 講爸園地】(中文)

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迎鼠接福 賀歲遊戲

庚子鼠年快要到了。先向大家拜個早年:

祝小朋友 精乖靈俐!快高長大!
祝各位爸爸、媽媽 萬事勝意! 龍馬精神!

過年是喜慶的日子。對我們中國人來說,「意頭」尤其重要:過年就要說一些吉利的話,吃些吉利的食品,相互祝賀未來的一年大家能有個順利、豐盛、健康的一年。

從我們歷來的一大堆的成語就知道,我們向來喜歡四個字一組的詞語。那麼賀歲拜年的吉語自然也多是四個字,小朋友很容易記、容易上口。

一些孩子之間可以互相祝賀用的吉語

  • 學業進步
  • 步步高升
  • 身體健康
  • 快高長大

祝賀大人、長輩用的吉語

  • 身體健康
  • 龍馬精神
  • 出入平安
  • 心想事成

 

祝賀上班族/做生意的親朋戚友的吉語

  • 東成西就
  • 步步高升
  • 一本萬利
  • 馬到功成

 

新春賀歲遊戲

思展向來鼓勵孩子從生活中學習。那就讓我們趁着過年,來幾個遊戲讓孩子邊學傳統邊識字,一起送舊迎新吧。

遊戲一  貼揮

  1. 下載揮春模紙及吉語。(備有繁/簡版,連結在下面)
       
  2. 每次兩組,教導孩子認讀吉語。
  3. 當孩子認熟了吉語的字,將它們分別剪開。
  4. 將揮春模紙剪下。
  5. 孩子將吉語貼上,製成揮春。

提示:

  1. 揮春模紙上已印有的吉語字是基礎漢字500課程以外的字,請家長按孩子的個別情況挑選教導。
  2. 另有空白的揮春模紙及字格,家長可以靈活使用。
         
貼揮春遊戲繁體版 贴挥春遊戏简体版

遊戲二  賀歲攢盒大拼製

除了吉語和揮春之外,我們的新春食品都很講究意頭呢。特別是廣東人,尤其多各式各樣的名堂。看看下面各種食品帶來的吉詳寓意吧:

食品 寓意
年糕 步步高升
年年有餘
蘋果 平平安安
柑橘 大吉大利
髮菜 (蠔豉) 發財 (好事)
餃子 招財進寶
柚子 有 (孩) 子
韮菜 長長久久
柿子 事事如意
春捲 外表像金磚

讓孩子趁着過年學習各種食品的名稱吧。這個活動不單很應節,而且還很適合小朋友玩各種角色扮演的遊戲喔。

 遊戲方法 
  1. 下載PDF (連結在下面),列印出來。
  2. PDF內有3頁食品圖片和一頁名稱。先教孩子認識各種食品的名稱。
     
  3. 參考下圖,將食品圖片逐將剪開。
  4. 將食品名稱也分別剪開,讓孩子配對貼上。可以隨意多印幾份,準備一個豐富的賀年攢盒喔。
  5. 食品準備好,可以列印並剪下攢盒。將賀年食品都放進去。

    盒蓋

    盒身

  6. 好啦!可以招待親友啦~
賀歲攢盒 繁體版 贺岁攒盒 简体版

我們會經常為大家探討漢字和語文的課題。
要是你有特別的相關課題希望我們探討,歡迎您告訴我們。

We discuss Chinese language and culture related topics on a regular basis.
If you would like us to discuss certain topics about Chinese, please let us know.

我想提問 I have a request

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加入【講媽 · 講爸園地】(中文)

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2019繽紛樂韻聖誕樹Advent Calendar

快步入十二月,隱約可以聽見聖誕的鐘聲了。按照古老的傳統,大家開始為迎接這隆冬的節日作準備了。

思展每年都與小朋友一起為聖誕進行倒數,普天同慶。今年我們特別為孩子們送上「繽紛樂韻聖誕樹」Advent Calendar,每日一字,以遊戲活動的方式,一面重溫24個生字、學習48個新詞語,一面製作七彩的聖誕樹,同時還認識六組同韻字。


2019 Sagebooks Advent Calendar is here!

An exciting opportunity for your children to revise 24 characters, learn 48 new words, study 6 sets of rhyming characters, create their own mini dictionary, and build their own Christmas tree.

 繽紛樂韻聖誕樹 My Chinese Christmas Tree 

從12月1日起,思展會員 (包括讀書會成員和教師會員) 每天都會收到一張工作紙。每張工作紙包括有:

  • 基礎漢字500課程的加大號漢字:註有拼音、筆順、和兩組詞語
  • 全新的閱讀練習
  • 迷你字卡,還有韻語的學習 (第7天起)
  • 下半部分附有簡單的小遊戲,不但為孩子帶來無窮趣味,還可以學習認讀數字和按指示做活動

孩子每天跟着說明完成一小部分,到了聖誕節那天就會擁有漂亮的完成作品。


From Dec 1, all Sagebooks members (including SRC members and Teacher members) will receive one downloadable worksheet each day. Each worksheet includes:

  • Enlarged Chinese character from Basic Chinese 500 with pinyin & brush stroke sequence indications, plus 2 new words
  • Brand new revision and learning
  • Mini word cards + learning of rhyming words (from day 7)
  • A fun and simple craft to delight your children, develops young children’s ability to read numbers and follow instructions

By following the instructions each day, children will have a beautiful master piece on Christmas Day!

 語文學習要點 Language learning highlights 
  • 每日一字,重溫一個基礎漢字500課程中的生字 (附有拼音和筆順)
  • 集中學習兩個由該生字組成的詞語,一淺一深,初學認讀和進階級的孩子都能溫故知新
  • 從第7天起,認識韻語的練習
  • 每天包含迷你字卡,孩子可以保存,靈活做各種認讀和語文活動
  • 每天的漢字溫習部份可以合訂做成孩子第一本自屬的小詞典

  • Each day, revise 1 character from the Basic Chinese 500 curriculum.
  • Learn 2 new words from the character of the day.
  • Study rhyming words from day 7.
  • Mini word cards each day for additional reading and other language activities.
  • Combine all the characters together to form your child’s first personal Chinese dictionary.
 遊戲亮點 Highlights of the game 
  • 每日一個填色遊戲,培養小朋友按指示做活動
  • 填顏色、摺紙、剪剪貼貼,都是孩子喜愛的活動,因為他們本能地要鍛練手眼協調
  • 順序數一數模板紙上隨意排放的日子數字,同時學習數字和時間日子概念
  • 每天一小步,循序漸進,就會看到令人驚喜、令自己驕傲的成績:孩子從中培養了自信

  • With a colouring activity each day, your child learns to follow instructions.
  • Colouring, cutting, folding and gluing are always children's favourites. It's their natural inclination to practice hand-eye coordination.
  • Following the number of days laid out randomly on the template is a study of numbers as well as the concept of time and dates.
  • By taking a tiny step each day and achieving wonders at the end, children grow in self-confidence.
 深化延伸學習 Continual learning 
  • 每天的反複練習,加上最後完成作品上的排列所形成的印象,能加深孩子對這6組韻語的記認。
  • 上半頁的單字和詞彙練習可以另行整理保存,成為孩子私人的詞典,隨時再重溫。
  • 若家長幫助孩子將每個詞語組一句例句,可以加深孩子的學習。
  • 每天的迷你字卡按思展方程式課程設計,與閱讀練習卡完全一致,可以用來進行其他語文遊戲。


  • Through daily practice, together with the final display, your child forms a deeper understanding of the 6 sets of rhyming words.
  • The upper half of each sheet can be saved separately for future practice. It will be your child's personal "vocabulary book".
  • You can help your child to form a sentence each using the 2 new words everyday, to enhance learning.
  • The mini word cards are of the same design as the Study Cards of the Sage Formula curriculum. They can be used in other language activities in future.
「繽紛樂韻聖誕樹」Advent Calendar 備有繁體版&簡體版喔。
2019 Sagebooks Advent Calendar is available in both traditional and simplified Chinese versions.

思展圖書致力讓孩子從遊戲中學習,透過身體力行,產生肌肉記憶和視覺印象,加強學習效果。
我們編輯部特別為孩子送上的2019聖誕禮物,集趣味、學習、自信心培育於一身,為2020年以至孩子更長遠的學習埋下成功的種子。
當孩子看到自己一雙小手所造成的作品,一天一天地、慢慢地活現眼前,那份成就感和滿足感,有甚麼比這份聖誕禮物來得更有意義呢?

要是你還未是思展會員,那就不容錯過這好機會:歡迎你立即登記

* 填妥表格後,請將 admin@sagebooks.hk 加入您的通訊冊, 以確保順利收取郵件。


Sagebooks is all about helping children to learn through fun. We want to create muscle memory and visual impression to enhance their learning.
Our editors have especially created this special Christmas gift to combine fun, education, and a boost of self-confidence. This sows the seed of further learning for your child in 2020 and beyond.

If you are not yet a member of Sagebooks Hongkong, please join us now so your child won’t miss out!

* After signup, please add admin@sagebooks.hk to your contact list to ensure receipt of emails.


11月28日起,你就會開始收到詳細的活動內容和說明了。
You'll start to receive detailed instructions from Nov 28.

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幼兒識部首 Focus on Bushou – 水部

水,是孩子每天會接觸到的東西:飲用、清潔、玩耍⋯ 孩子和水有着緊密的關係。水是那樣的難以捉摸、變幻多端,難怪總會讓孩子樂而忘返。
水,也是最常用的漢字部首之一。

這裏的幾個活動目的是讓孩子集中學習水部首。

學習目標

  • 能認識水字和水部的字形演變 (象形字)
  • 能說出水部代表的意義
  • 能正確掌握水部的筆畫名稱、筆形和筆順
  • 能辨認出水部的字
  • 能利用水部認識其他同部首的字


Water, 水, is always children's favourite. It is of ultimate importance to all lives.
Unsurprisingly, 水 (氵) is one of the most commonly used Bushous (部首, radicals) of Chinese characters.

The activities outlined here focus on the study of this bushou.

What I will learn

  • To recognise the character 水 and understand its formation and evolution.
  • To tell the meaning of 水.
  • To say the names of the strokes of 氵, to know how each stroke is written and the correct order of writing them.
  • To identify characters that have the same氵bushou.
  • To learn other characters through the氵bushou.

ACTIVITIES OF THE WEEK 本週活動

在做以下活動之前,最好能先讓孩子玩玩水,作為他身心的準備,能加強學習成效。
以下的活動,每次選一樣來做就好,不要讓孩子感到疲勞有壓力。


活動一 認識部首演變&意義

 WHAT YOU NEED 道具 

   

 HOW TO PREPARE 事前準備 
  • 將PDF列印出來
  • 將第2頁的四幅圖片逐一剪下來
  • Print out the worksheets. Cut out the 4 diagrams of p2.
 HOW TO PLAY 玩法 
  1. 利用第1頁的內容,向孩子講述水字的起源、水字的演變和水部的變形
  2. 向孩子解說水部的兩個主要意義:
    (a) 含有水的名詞,例如:海、河、(果)汁、汗水
    (b) 和水有關的活動或動作,例如:洗澡、游泳、流
  3. 讓孩子將4張水字演變圖片按演變發展順序排列出來

只要孩子願意,鼓勵他重複玩。

  1. Show P1 of the worksheet to your child. Explain to them how the character 水 was first "drawn", resembling flowing water. Show them how it gradually evolved to its present day form. Also show its form when it is written as a bushou.
  2. Explain to your child the 2 major meanings of  the characters with 氵bushou:
    (a) nouns that contain water, such as: 海 (the sea)、河 (the river)、(果)汁 (juice)、汗水 (sweat)
    (b) actions related to water, such as: 洗澡 (to bathe)、游泳 (to swim)、流 (to flow)
  3. Ask your child to arrange the 4 diagrams of the evolution of 水 in their correct order.

活動二  認識水部字形

 WHAT YOU NEED 道具   HOW TO PREPARE 事前準備 
  • 將PDF的 p3 列印出來
  • print out p3

 HOW TO PLAY 玩法 
  1. 讓孩子看水部字形,認識水部。水部亦稱為「三點水」
  2. 利用第一幅藍色水部圖片,逐筆告訴孩子水部的筆順和名稱:點、點、剔(提)。
  3. 讓孩子用手指在水部字形上描繪,一面描,一面說出筆畫名稱
  4. 孩子在5個空心字形上分別填上他喜愛的顏色,用蠟筆、水彩、七彩閃粉膠水⋯ 都可以
  1. Show your child how氵is written. Tell them this is 水部。It is also known as 三點水.
  2. Using the first diagram (solid colour), tell your child the name of each stroke, in correct order: 點 /dian/、點 /dian/、剔(提) /ti/.
  3. Ask your child to use their finger to trace the氵bushou while saying each stroke name.
  4. Invite your child to colour in the 5 氵bushou in their favourite colours

活動三  認識水部的字 & 詞彙

 WHAT YOU NEED 道具 

   

 HOW TO PREPARE 事前準備 

  • 將PDF的 p4列印出來 print out p4 of the worksheet
  • 按孩子的進度,將他已學過的水部字的課文和字卡都準備好 Get the lessons and cards of the characters ready
 HOW TO PLAY 玩法 
  1. 練習紙上的字依基礎漢字500課程教授的次序排列
  2. 每個字的九宮格的顏色與基礎漢字500級別的顏色一致,方便家長識別孩子是否已學會個別漢字
  3. 每個漢字旁邊有一個相關的詞彙,用字都在課程之內,配合孩子的進度。鼓勵教導孩子一起學習
  1. The 10 characters on the worksheet are arranged in the same order as how they are taught in the Basic Chinese 500 course.
  2. The writing grid of the characters follow the same colour scheme of each level of the course. They help you to verify if your child has already learnt the characters.
  3. There is a word next to each character. All the characters are taught in the course. Please encourage your child to learn them together.

更多常識 Additional information

要是孩子有一定的理解力,你可以進一步向孩子解說水字相關的知識,加強他對水的印象,豐富他的常識認知。

根據《說文解字》, 水字可以解釋為「評度的標准」,例如:水平。在五行中,水代表北方的屬性。

中國的地理環境變化多端,水的形態也各有不同。自古以來,我們的先人對水就有很仔細的分類和描述。在甲骨文中,動態的流水一般寫作縱向    或 

而靜止或漫流的水通常寫作橫向 

以下是由山上的源頭開始的各種「水」的名稱:


Depending on your child’s age and understanding, you can also tell them more stories about water to help them relate to the words and enrich their knowledge.

According to《說文解字》 which is the classic Chinese dictionary, one of the meanings of水 is “the standard of evaluation”, such as 水平. In the 5 basic elements (五行), water represents the north.

The vast land of China encompasses a rich array of variations of geographic features, which results in different types of bodies of water. Our ancestors studied these bodies of water and came up with different words to describe them. In ancient writing, actively flowing waters are written vertically ( ) whereas quieter or still waters are written horizontally ( ).

The table below shows how different bodies of water are called, starting from the source of water in the mountains.

各種水的名稱 How different bodies of water are called in Chinese

水流的源頭
The source of water
quán
石壁上飛濺的山泉
The mountain water splashing from the cliffs
shuǐ
由山泉匯成的水
When various 泉 gather together
jiàn
山澗在地面匯成的清流
The clear water formed when several brooks in the mountains gather together
眾多小溪匯成的水流
The small river formed when several streams merge
chuān
眾多川流匯成的大川
The larger river formed when several smaller rivers merge
最大的河
The largest river
jiāng

我們會經常為大家探討漢字和語文的課題。
要是你有特別的相關課題希望我們探討,歡迎您告訴我們。

We discuss Chinese language and culture related topics on a regular basis.
If you would like us to discuss certain topics about Chinese, please let us know.

我想提問 I have a request

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加入【講媽 · 講爸園地】(中文)

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The story of 回

來回、回答、回旋、春回大地...
回,象徵着循環持續、延綿不斷。也許你會問:回字兩個口,跟吃的有關係嗎?

呵呵... 原來回字是象形文字,由一圈又一圈的回旋圖案演變出來。

看完影片,可以下載相關的資源喔。

     

下載「回」字補充練習

You might wonder, since 回 is written as 2 口, is it related to our mouth or eating?

No, in fact 回 is a pictogram which was evolved from the pattern of "never ending" spirals. It symbolises repetition, continuity, and never ending prosperity.

Please feel free to download the related worksheets after you've watched the video.

DOWNLOAD worksheet of 回

我們會經常為大家探討漢字和語文的課題。
要是你有特別的相關課題希望我們探討,歡迎您告訴我們。

We discuss Chinese language and culture related topics on a regular basis.
If you would like us to discuss certain topics about Chinese, please let us know.

我想提問 I have a request

更多教養支援 SUPPORT FOR YOU
很多家長都已是我們 Facebook 群組【講媽 · 講爸園地】 的成員。歡迎你也加入我們,一起互相鼓勵和支持,共同為孩子的學習而努力。

加入【講媽 · 講爸園地】(中文)

Many parents are already part of our Facebook Group. If you’d like to take advantage of the collective wisdom of your fellow parents, please join us.

JOIN SUPPORT GROUP (English)

We’d love to hear from you.

 

Please follow and like us:

漫畫話中秋 Mid-Autumn comics

中秋,是一家團圓的時節。
對小朋友來說,是有得吃又有得玩,還有假放的日子。大高與了!
來,我們也趁着中秋,讓小朋友用自己學會的文字,演說一下節日的喜慶吧。
下面這首《話中秋》的小詩,還配上了漫畫,信心級以上的小朋友應該都能自己朗讀喔。

Mid-Autumn Festival (中秋節 /zhōng qiū jié/) is a time for families to get together.
It’s one of children’s favourite holidays, with lanterns to play with and mooncakes and many other yummy foods to enjoy. On top of that, it’s also a school holiday!
The festive spirit makes it a perfect opportunity to engage children into learning about Chinese culture and traditions.
You can also sharpen your child’s reading skills with this poem below. Confident Readers and up should be able to read the whole poem on their own with ease. We’ve also created a comic image for each verse.

花好月圓過中秋,
飯後望月說故事;
姑娘白兔月裏住,
天上人間兩相圓。

你還可以和孩子做以下三個簡單的認讀遊戲喔。

Below are three simple activities that you can play with your child at home.

活動一 高聲朗讀 Read aloud

小朋友高聲唸一遍,請爸爸、媽媽熱烈地鼓掌⋯ 讚、讚、讚!

Ask your child to read the poem out loud. Tell them how very proud of them you are!

你可以將詩歌印出來 (連結在下面),也可以參照上圖,利用家中的閱讀練習卡將詩句排列出來。
從字卡的顏色清楚可知每個生字出自哪級喔。

Feel free to download the activity sheet (link below). You could also refer to the image above and lay the poem out with the Study Cards. The colour coded cards clearly indicate in which level each character is taught.

活動二 重組句子 Re-construction

下載句子 (連結在下面,附有繁體及簡體版),列印後將四句字條剪下,混亂次序後,請小朋友重新排列成正確次序。

Download the activity sheet (Link below. The PDF contains both the traditional and simplified Chinese versions). Print out the poem and cut out the four verses separately. Mix them up. Ask your child to arrange them into correct order.

* 視乎孩子的成熟程度,你可以為孩子指出逗號、分號和句號,告訴他標點可以作為句子先後始末的提示。

* Depending on your child’s development, you could point out the punctuation marks used in the poem (comma, semicolon, full stop). These punctuations can serve as hints to the order of the verses.

活動三 詩句/圖片配對 Verse and image matching

列印句子和圖片,剪下,請小朋友將圖片和句子配對。(本頁中的紫色詩句是家長的提示答案,給小朋友做活動只剪下4張正方形圖片就好。)

Print out the poem and the images. Cut each of them out separately. Ask your child to match the verse to the correct image. (The text in purple underneath the images are solution keys for your reference. For children to do the activity, cut out only the four square images without the text.)

以下連結提供的一個PDF文件,附有繁體及簡體版練習。

Please use the button below to download the PDF activity sheet. It contains both the traditional and simplified Chinese versions.

下載「漫畫話中秋」

簡單又應節的活動,讓孩子點滴學習和運用。
學習不必一本正經,整個世界就是孩子的大學堂~

Simple and relevant activities are great ways to allow children to practice what they have learnt.

我們會經常為大家探討漢字和語文的課題。
要是你有特別的相關課題希望我們探討,歡迎您告訴我們。

We discuss Chinese language and culture related topics on a regular basis.
If you would like us to discuss certain topics about Chinese, please let us know.

我想提問 I have a request

更多教養支援 SUPPORT FOR YOU
很多家長都已是我們 Facebook 群組【講媽 · 講爸園地】 的成員。歡迎你也加入我們,一起互相鼓勵和支持,共同為孩子的學習而努力。
Many parents are already part of our Facebook Group. If you’d like to take advantage of the collective wisdom of your fellow parents, please join us.

JOIN SUPPORT GROUP (English)

加入【講媽 · 講爸園地】(中文)

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動詞和顏色的練習

我們之前 有一篇文章曾經提及《反斗歌》集中教小朋友三種詞類:

  • 名詞
  • 動詞
  • 形容詞

要讓孩子明白動詞很容易。在他們這個年紀最常用的動詞都是身體部份的動作:主要是手、腳、眼、耳、口、鼻。
而最基本、實在的形容詞之一就是顏色。

孩子到了躍進級,已學會了一大堆的動詞和顏色字。要掌握認讀,可以利用閱讀練習卡玩遊戲。
要學以致用,我們為小朋友製作了練習紙。

躍進級寶貝盒中的「冬冬打蟲」故事,更是集中運用了大批動詞和顏色字。
家長和孩子閱讀這本故事書時,可以細心地為孩子指出,引導他們留意。

以下介紹兩個相關的遊戲活動,包括有免費下載的資源。

閱讀練習卡的活動

圖中:

  • 藍色的字卡是啟蒙級教的顏色字
  • 綠色的字卡是萌芽級教的顏色字
  • 橙色的字卡是躍進級教的顏色字
 活動方法 

從家中的日常用品或孩子的玩具當中挑選這些顏色的物品,讓孩子將字卡與顏色配對。隨時可以玩喔。

20個動詞集中練習

我們從「冬冬打蟲」的故事書中,抽取了20個動詞,製成了6頁生動有趣的動詞紙,讓小朋友可以集中溫習。

另外還有6頁練習紙,對於較為年長的孩子,家長可以選擇在合適的時候讓孩子做練習:

  • 年幼的孩子:家長可以將下載文件最後兩頁的生字一一剪下,讓孩子放到正確的位置
  • 「發現」一詞有兩個字,家長可以先放下其中一個字,協助孩子
  • 若家中購有閱讀練習卡,可以用字卡代替練習紙的生字,讓孩子做配對,加深認讀練習
  • 年長的孩子,若已能握筆寫字,可以直接在練習紙上抄寫(或默寫)正確答案
  • 可以多次印刷練習紙反複練習 (最好相隔一段時間)
我們會經常為大家探討漢字和語文的課題。

要是你有特別的相關課題希望我們探討,歡迎您告訴我們。

If you would like us to discuss certain topics on Chinese, please let us know.

我想提問 I have a request

 

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擴充孩子的詞彙:反義字組詞 Expand your child’s Chinese vocabulary

漢語漢字有不少特色:成語疊詞破音字部首... 我們的部落格亦有不少文章個別討論。

利用反義字組成另一個全新意義的詞語,亦是漢語的一個特色。

要擴充孩子的詞彙庫,不斷學習新的字詞當然是不可或缺的方法。

與此同時,以孩子已掌握的漢字教導他們認識全新的詞彙,也是有效的方法。利用他們已懂的字意,引導他們理解個別字詞可以怎樣進一步引伸出新的詞語和意義,藉此可以觸發他們對語文變化和發展的認識,啟發他們的思維認知,幫助他們靈活掌握字詞的用法。

這次我們從思展方程式課程中挑選了10組反義詞,作為讓孩子認識這類組詞的入門。同時亦加上英文翻譯,為有需要的家長/教師作為參考。


You might have learnt some distinct features of the Chinese language from our other blog posts, such as idioms, die-ci (reduplication), homographs, radicals, etc.

In this post, we discuss another feature: forming a new word by combining two antonyms.

Learning new characters is no doubt a great way to expand a child’s vocabulary. However, you can also introduce new words to your child based on characters they have already learnt, since Chinese words are but combinations of characters. Introducing new words this way helps them understand the relationship between the new word and the words they already knew. It can also stimulate their linguistic understanding and deepen their comprehension of not only the language, but also of the culture and the people’s mentality.

Here, we have chosen twenty characters from the Sagebooks curriculum which form ten new words. This serves as an introduction to this method of forming words.

字(1) Word 1 字(2) Word 2 新組詞 New Word
Big Small 大小 Size
Square Round 方圓 Perimeter
High Low 高低 comparative strength
Right Wrong 是非 Trouble
Pain / Suffer Fast / Happy 痛快 Delighted, To one's heart's content
Early / Morning Late / Night 早晚 Sooner or later
Left side Right side 左右 To influence
Out In 出入 Discrepancy / Exit and Entrance
Long Short 長短 Length
Many Few 多少 How many? / A certain amount or extend

免費下載 FREE Download

這十組詞語有免費練習紙活動供下載。備有家長參考的字表(上圖,含繁、簡版).
We have prepared summary sheets of these 10 words, in both Traditional and Simplified Chinese versions, for free download.

預製小字卡,可剪下來讓孩子靈活個別學習。
Pre-print word cards: simply cut them out and let your child play with them to become familiar with them.

亦有活動練習小詞卡,讓孩子字首、字尾練習組詞。將下面的材料每個字剪下來,做成小字卡,放在上圖詞卡的正確位置。
Activity word cards let your child practice the beginning or the end of each word. You could also cut out each character (below) and ask your child to put them at the correct position on the word cards.

下載反義字組詞練習紙
DOWNLOAD WORKSHEET

當然你也可以用閱讀練習卡讓孩子練習各種組詞。

更多例子 Further examples

上述的10組引伸出來的詞語,它們的意義其實都與其中的兩個字有着關連。當你向孩子慢慢解釋和討論,不難引發出他對語文興趣。

反斗歌圖書集中讓孩子練習同義詞和反義詞,孩子在閱讀中掌握了其中的奧妙,就不難進一步理解更多的詞語,例如:

  • 坐立難安
  • 哭笑不得
  • 戲假情真
  • 出生入死
  • 天長地久
  • 東成西就
  • 先苦後甜 …

這些都是在思展方程式課程範圍之內教授的字喔。

要是你或孩子對反義詞感興趣,歡迎參閱:看漫畫學反義詞 Antonym Challenge (in comic)


The meanings of the above 10 words are related to each of the characters in the word. Please take the time to explain each of them to your child. It will spark their interest to learn more of the language, or languages on the whole.

Flip-Flop Fun is a set of books that focuses on the study of antonyms and synonyms. It helps your child to learn more words such as those listed in the above table.

All of those characters are taught in the Sagebooks curriculum.

For more reading activity on antonyms, please read:看漫畫學反義詞 Antonym Challenge (in comic)

我們會經常為大家探討漢字和語文的課題。

要是你有特別的相關課題希望我們探討,歡迎您告訴我們。

If you would like us to discuss certain topics on Chinese, please let us know.

我想提問 I have a request

 

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