重覆:十招創意方式 10 Creative Ways to Repetition

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重覆,能產生長遠記憶,讓陌生的資訊真正成為我們的知識。

但是,靠生硬的死背死記方法對成人尚且不怎麼見效,對孩子來說更會消弭他們的學習興趣,甚至更可能會令他們產生反感或心理陰影。

不要緊,我們這就為你送上10種有趣的「重覆」招數,讓孩子在不知不覺之中就能反覆操練,熟能生巧,掌握認字。

這些方法不需要字卡或特殊的道具,在日常的親子相處或共讀的時候隨時可以用。

而且,這些方法不只限於認讀漢字,而是學習任何一種外語都能用得上喔。

讓我們立即來看看~

方法一:倒過來重覆

在朗讀完一課之後,再重覆朗讀一次,但這次倒過來讀 (年幼的孩子可以一句一句來)。孩子會視這個活動為一種特殊的挑戰而樂在其中的。

例如:

  • 我們一起去買東西,好嗎? >> 嗎好,西東買去起一們我

方法二:改變閱讀方式

這裏要改變的,不是孩子的閱讀方式,而是你的閱讀方式。

例如:

  • 誇張地改變你的聲浪,一次很響亮,再一次以耳語般的方式
  • 用不同的聲調、語氣、速度為孩子閱讀相同的內容

方法三:用不同的方式向孩子提問

與其每次問孩子:「這是甚麼字?」「這個字怎麼唸?」你可以用各種問題去引起他對「X」字的注意。

例如:

  • 「X」字是這句的第幾個字?
  • 這一句中「X」字的前面 (後面) 是甚麼字?
  • 在這一課中,「X」字一共出現過幾次?
  • 「X」字有幾筆 (要是英語的話,有幾個字母)?
  • 「X」字和「Y」字,哪個字的筆劃 (字母) 多?

方法四:Post-it 尋寶

利用5-10張大小不一、設計可愛的Post-it紙,寫上同一個字 (或詞語),張貼在家中不同的地方,讓孩子在發現時一一讀給你聽。

可以張貼的地方應該是孩子一天中總會觸及的地方,例如:

  • 餅乾罐上
  • 浴室的鏡子上
  • 玩具箱/盒上
  • 碗櫃門上 (或內側)
  • 孩子的鞋子裏面
  • 他喜愛的杯子上

方法五:編成自己的兒歌

將要學習的內容譜上孩子喜愛又熟悉的樂曲,反覆一起唱。內容越傻氣,讓孩子嘻嘻哈哈地,效果就會越好喔。

方法六:尋寶遊戲

這個方法在周末你和孩子一整天在一起時玩最好。

早上為當天決定好一個字,然後在當天內每看到那個字就指出來。

這個遊戲能有很多變化:

  • 你可以和孩子一起尋寶,也可以讓他自己一個人來,還可以你和孩子 (或兄弟姐妹之間) 競賽。
  • 尋到字的時候,可以指出來,可以讀出來,可以做一個特定動作,可以拍下照...
  • 拍照的話還有另外的好處,就是可以看看那個字在甚麼場合出現,有哪些不同的寫法字型

方法七:加入些微的變化

重覆閱讀時,每次要求孩子用不同的方法讀,將朗讀變成一種遊戲。

例如:

  • 每遇到「X」字就不要讀出聲
  • 每遇到「X」字就由你讀
  • 由你來朗讀課文,但每遇到「X」字就由孩子讀
  • 每遇到「X」字就特別大聲 (輕聲) 地讀
  • 每遇到「X」字就將「X」字讀兩次

方法八:Graffiti 塗鴉

在孩子肩膀的高度,在牆上貼上一大張紙,並在附近放置一些蠟筆或粉筆。任由孩子練習寫「X」字、塗鴉。記得要為他和他的傑作拍照留念喔~

方法九:輪流轉

由你和孩子輪流朗讀,一人讀一句。

然後重覆一次,這次倒過來:由你讀剛剛孩子讀過的句子,孩子讀你讀過的句子。

方法十:填充

這個方法用來學詩歌很見效。

由你先將一首詩讀幾次,讓孩子熟悉詩歌 (這也許要花幾天)。

然後你從每句最後一個字開始,每次少讀一個字,由孩子補上。要是孩子忘記了,你就替他補上,不要緊的。

例如:

詩歌:一閃一閃亮晶晶,掛在天上放光明,好像許多小眼睛,滿天都是小星星。

第一次:一閃一閃亮晶X,掛在天上放光X,好像許多小眼X,滿天都是小星X。(的字由孩子補上)
第二次:一閃一閃亮X X,掛在天上放X X,好像許多小X X,滿天都是小X X。(的字由孩子補上)

如此類推...

幼童的天性就喜愛重覆,這是他們反覆操練新技能的本能學習方式。

隨着他們的成長,他們的重點會慢慢地被新鮮事物所吸引,因此當我們在為他們創造「重覆」體驗的同時加入新鮮感,就更能讓孩子的學習見效。

這裏介紹的十種方法只是一個引子。要是你有其他創意的方法,請與我們分享,讓所有家長和孩子都受益!

分享我的好點子

Repetition is a way to form long term memory and allow new information to become our knowledge.

However, rote learning is far from being an effective way for adults to learn, let alone children. Endless repetitions often bring about boredom and put children off from learning.

Fear not! Here, let us share with you 10 creative ways to repetition. Children will get to practice new words and vocabulary and memorise them in fun and natural ways.

These methods do not require any specific tools or flash cards. All it takes is some quality time your children spend with you.

What's more, these methods are not limited to learning Chinese. You can use them to help children learn any language!

So without further ado, here we go~

1. Repeat in Reverse

After your child have finished reading a lesson (or a sentence, for younger children), ask them to read it once more. But this time in reverse. Children love this as they see it as a special challenge.

Example:

  • 我們一起去買東西,好嗎? >> 嗎好,西東買去起一們我
  • Let's go and play in the park. >> Park the in play and go let's

2. Change the way YOU read

Here, the emphasis is how YOU read.

For example:

  • Exaggerate the volume of your reading by reading out very loudly first, then in a whisper the second time
  • Vary your tone of voice, speed, pitch, etc. when you read the same story over again

3. Ask Questions in Different Ways

Instead of asking your child to read out the word, ask other questions to guide his attention to the character "X".

For example:

  • How many characters are there before "X"?
  • What character comes after "X" in this sentence?
  • How many times does the character "X" appear in this chapter?
  • How many strokes (or alphabets) are there in the character "X"?
  • Which character has more writing strokes (or alphabets),"X" or "Y"?

4. Post-It Hunt

Write the same character/word on 5-10 post-it paper of various sizes and designs. Stick them on different places at home. Ask your child to them it to you whenever he finds one.

You should stick them on to places and objects that your child normal comes in touch with them every day. For example:

  • On cookie tins
  • On the mirror in his bathroom
  • On the toy boxes
  • On (or inside) the cupboard door
  • Inside his shoes
  • On his favourite cup

5. Make it into a Song

Make whatever you want your child to learn into a song, either create your own or use his favourite tunes. The sillier or funnier the better.

6. Treasure Hunt

This is best to be done during a weekend when you can spend the whole day with your child.

Decide in the morning the character (or word) of the day. Throughout the day when you are out and about together, ask your child to point it out whenever he sees the character / word.

There are many variations of this game:

  • You and your child hunt for the character together, or he can do it on his own, or make it into a competition among siblings
  • When the character is spotted, ask your child to point it out, read it out, do a specific gesture, or take a photo…
  • If you choose to take a photo, you will be able look back later at where the character appeared, the various styles it’s written, the various ways it’s used to form words, etc

7. Add Small Variations

When you ask your child to repeat his reading, add a bit of variation each time to make it into a game.

For example:

  • Do NOT read the character “X” out loud
  • YOU read the character “X” each time while he reads the rest
  • Your CHILD reads the character “X” each time while you read the rest
  • Whenever he sees the character “X”, he reads it especially loudly (or softly)
  • Whenever he sees the character “X”, he reads “X” twice

8. Graffiti Wall

Stick a large sheet of paper onto the wall, at your child’s shoulder height level. Place some crayons or chalk nearby. Invite your child to practice writing the character whenever he wants and however he wants.

Remember to take a photo of him and his writing.

9. Taking Turns

You and your child take turns to read each sentence.

Now repeat, but swap the sentences: you read the ones he read earlier, and he yours.

10. Fill in the Blank

This is a great way to learn poetry or rhymes.

You read a poem/rhyme several times so your child becomes relatively familiar with it. It might take sittings over several days.

Starting from the last character/word of each verse, each time you stop at the word and let your child to fill it in. If he can’t remember, you help him to fill it in and move on.

For example:

詩歌:一閃一閃亮晶晶,掛在天上放光明,好像許多小眼睛,滿天都是小星星。

第一次:一閃一閃亮晶X,掛在天上放光X,好像許多小眼X,滿天都是小星X。(的字由孩子補上)
第二次:一閃一閃亮X X,掛在天上放X X,好像許多小X X,滿天都是小X X。(的字由孩子補上)

Rhyme:

Hey, diddle, diddle,
The cat and the fiddle,
The cow jumped over the moon;
The little dog laughed
To see such sport,
And the dish ran away with the spoon.

First time:

Hey, diddle, X,
The cat and the X,
The cow jumped over the X;
The little dog X
To see such X,
And the dish ran away with the X.
(X is the word you let your child fill in)

Second time

Hey, X, X,
The cat and X X,
The cow jumped over X X;
The little X X
To see X X,
And the dish ran away with X X.
(X is the word you let your child fill in)

Etc.

It is in young children’s nature to repeat over and over again the new tricks that they just learnt.

As they grow older, their attention start to be drawn towards new or different things, instead of just practicing the same things. As we introduce new elements to their repetitions, we help draw their attention in a fun and natural way to what they still need to master through practice. That is how we help them to learn and to remember.

The 10 methods we shared here are only the beginning of it. If you have other brilliant ideas, please share with us. It will benefit all parents and children alike!

SHARE MY IDEAS

 

Posted in 教養心得, 語文發展 Language.