看圖造句 From image to sentence

最初,寶寶只會說單字。慢慢地,他很自然地會將它們串起來組成詞,然後會說短句。再過一段時間,他的句子慢慢變長。最終,他還能發表一番動人心絃的講話。這是孩子語言的自然發展途徑。

孩子學習寫作的過程也一樣:當他學會了一定數量的單字,就會學習組成詞語,再而造句。要是寫作不是你家孩子的強項,怎麼辦?不要緊,我們可以利用字卡。只要一套閱讀練習卡,保管你的孩子也能輕鬆寫出美麗的句子,譜出動人的文章。

我們為孩子設計了兩個短短的小故事,每個故事分四部分,讓孩子輕鬆起步。參考答案也附在一起了。當然,你應該盡量鼓勵孩子去創造自己的句子和故事。來,我們一起看看活動的方法。

When children have learnt enough words, they naturally string them together and form sentences. Eventually, they will put all the sentences together to form speech. This is the natural development of a child’s language and thoughts.

Writing in Chinese is the same. Once your child has learnt enough characters, they can start to form words and sentences. Is writing not one of your child’s strengths? No worries. We can make use of the Study Cards. With the set of Study Cards, you child will be able to write beautiful sentences and craft stories. 

To help them get started, we have designed two short stories, each containing 4 parts. We have even provided reference answers! But of course, you should always encourage your child to create their own stories. Let’s have a look below.

本週遊戲 ACTIVITIES OF THE WEEK

這個活動很適合你和孩子交流探討一些和寫作相關的思維:

  • 每個故事的四幅圖畫應該是甚麼順序
  • 孩子對故事有甚麼想法?
  • 教孩子從「何時?何處?何人?甚麼?為甚麼?」(5W) 去理解故事

即使是年幼的孩子,也應該盡量鼓勵他和你談談他的想法。請記得:我們提供的句子只是參考,而不是「答案」。說故事是沒有正確答案的。

由於「一」字並沒有在基礎漢字500課程中獨立教授,所以沒有印製的字卡,我們特別在下載文件中加制了,方便你剪下應用。(下載連結在下面)

這個活動適合已學到躍進級一半的小朋友。參考下載圖中的字卡顏色,就可以簡明地知道每個字出自哪一級,你的孩子是否已學過了。要是碰上有些字孩子還沒學,你可以修改一下用詞,例如:許多>很多 / 送給 > 給/ 半路上 > 路上…,也可以幫他把字挑出來或讀給他聽。

This is a great activity to engage your child in discussions about:

  • The correct order of the 4 images in each story
  • Your child’s thought about the stories
  • “When, where, what, who, why?”

Even very young children should be encouraged to discuss their ideas and thoughts. The sentences provided here only serve as examples and not “answers”.

As “一” was not taught as one of the 500 characters, we have created an additional sheet in the PDF file for you to cut out and use (see below download link).

This game is geared towards children who are about half way through Building Reader and up. Refer to the colour of the Study Cards on the reference sheet to decide whether or not your child is at the right level to play this game. For children who have not yet learnt certain characters, please provide necessary assistance by swapping them (e.g. 很多 instead of 許多), omitting them (e.g. 給 instead of 送給, 路上 instead of 半路上) or simply picking / reading the card for them.

看圖造句 Image to sentence (age 3+歲以上)

 WHAT YOU NEED 道具  
  • 一張圖片,或幾將有關連的圖片 (歡迎下載參考圖)
  • 閱讀練習卡一套,你亦可自製字卡
  • 紙、筆 (視乎需要)
  • An image or a series of images (feel free to download our examples)
  • Study Cards, or you can make your own word cards
  • Pen / Pencil / Paper (optional)
 HOW TO PREPARE 事前準備  

 

  • 下載PDF (文件包含了繁體及簡體版、圖片及額外的「一」字字卡)
  • 要是你想依照我們提供的參考句子玩遊戲,先從各級挑出所需的字卡準備好
  • Download the PDF (contains both traditional and simplified Chinese versions, larger version of the pictures, and the additional character 「一」)
  • If you prefer to follow the sample sentences, pick out the cards from various levels
 HOW TO PLAY 玩法  
  1. 將圖片給孩子看。和孩子一起談談他看了圖以後的各種想法。要是你要用問題去引導他,盡量用開放式的問題。例如:你認為他為甚麼要…? (而不要問:他是不是要做…?)
  2. 請孩子根據他對圖的想法說一句 (或兩三句)話。
  3. 幫孩子一起從字卡中找出他那句話用過的字。
  4. 讓孩子用字卡組成他的句子。
  1. Show your child the image(s). Discuss the image(s) with your child.
  2. Ask your child to say one or more sentences about the image.
  3. Help your child to pick out the cards of the characters used in their sentence(s).
  4. Ask your child to arrange the cards to form their sentence(s).
 ALTERNATIVE WAYS TO PLAY 玩法變化  

視乎孩子的年齡和認讀水平,你可以按以下建議調節遊戲:

  1. 年幼的孩子開始時每次只用一張圖片。
  2. 年長的孩子可以一次用全部四張圖。
  3. 年幼的孩子剛開始時,你可以將PDF圖中的參考句讀給他聽,然後幫他將字卡準備好,由孩子將字卡排成正確的句子。
  4. 孩子稍為可以時,將參考句子(或你自己作的故事句子) 給他看,由孩子用字卡將句子「抄」出來。
  5. 年長的孩子,要是已開始書寫,可以直接將自己的句子寫下來。也可以用寫的和字卡結合。例如:要是不會寫某個字就可以用字卡。
  6. 這個活動可以單一個孩子玩,也可以集體創作。

Depending on your child’s age and progress, you may want to make the following adjustments:

  1. For very young children, start with only one image card.
  2. For older children, use all four cards to tell a story.
  3. For very young children just starting out, you could read them the sentence and pick out the cards. They will then arrange the cards to form the correct sentence.
  4. For younger children, you could show them the reference sentences, and ask them to use the cards to “copy” the sentences.
  5. For older children who can already write, they can also write out the sentences they created. They can also have the choice of combining writing and using the cards (for example, using the cards to help with characters they don’t know how to write).
  6. This activity can be played with one child, or with multiple children as teamwork.

溫提 Additional tips:

可以幫孩子將他造的句抄下來,或是將他排出來的字卡句子用手機拍下來。
You could copy down the sentences that your child has created, or take a photo of each of the sentences that your child made with the cards.

** 我們日後會繼續發表這類造句用的故事圖片。請不時留意BLOG的消息。We will continue to create more images for such sentence forming activity. Please check back regularly.


你和孩子玩過這遊戲後有甚麼反映嗎?我們很期待欣賞孩子玩這遊戲的照片喔。
很多家長都已是我們 Facebook 群組【講媽 · 講爸園地】 的成員,歡迎你也加入我們。

加入【講媽 · 講爸園地】

We would love to hear your comments and see pictures of your kids doing the activities. Make sure you join our Sagebooks HK Parent Support Facebook Group and share with us!

老編心得 TIP OF THE WEEK

正如要有健康的體魄就要吃健康的食品,避免junk food;孩子的語文發展也需要多看、多讀、多聽高質素的內容。當你為孩子選圖書時固然會仔細挑選,與此同時在這個階段也應該避免讓他們接觸太口語化或不正規的書寫方式,以免他們產生混淆。

Form a habit of playing some kind of Chinese language games each week.
Playing these games is a way of making the language practical and part of their lives. Children learn to manipulate the characters and words, and thus become actively engaged in the language. This provides additional stimulation compared to passively reading from books.

 

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