心得分享 (2)

這裏,是一些前輩爸爸、媽媽的教養經驗和心得。

我們將它們編輯起來,而且中英對照,讓你不但可以作為參考,也是育兒路上的支援和後盾。

利用提示協助記認 Use cues to help memorisation

文章內容圖像提示對加強孩子的漢字記憶能起很大的作用。

記憶,是一件很奇妙的事。一些小東西往往就能勾起我們的回憶。對孩子來說,兒歌繪圖、甚至是氣味,都可以通過聯想而幫助他們回憶事物。當你結合思展圖書課文中刻意埋藏的種種提示,就可以有效幫助孩子記認單字:例如可以細看圖畫中發生的故事,聯想一下接下來會發生甚麼,這就會勾起他對單字的回憶。要是孩子對句子中某個字感到陌生,可以翻回最初教那個單字的頭一頁,看看那個九宮格裏的大字。往往只要能看一眼原來的那個大字就已經足以讓孩子想起那個字了。


Use context and visual cues to help your child remember characters.

Memory is a funny thing and can often be triggered by songs, pictures, and even smells. Use all the cues in the Sagebooks to help your child remember the characters. Have your children look at the engaging illustrations to guess what will happen or jog their memory. If your child is having difficulty recalling a character in a sentence, flip back to the chapter introducing the character. Often, seeing it in its original context or sentence will remind your child what the character is.

寶貝盒的作用 How Treasure Box can help

利用寶貝盒來加深孩子對漢字的記認,同時也增加他對認讀和朗讀的自信心。

寶貝盒是孩子練習認讀的有效讀本。每級的故事都專注於反覆練習同級和較低級教過的漢字 (只有極少數的新添生字)。這樣一來孩子對自己就有了自信,而不同的故事內容和文章體裁也增加了閱讀的趣味


Use the Treasure Boxes to reinforce characters and build confidence.

The Treasure Boxes are a great resource because they use only the characters (with the exception of one or two new characters) your child has learned up through the end of that set. This is a good way to build confidence in your new reader as well as provide variety from the sets.

讓哥哥姐姐當老師 Older children are perfect assistants

如果家裏有幾個孩子,那就讓年紀較大的孩子教導弟妹。讓他們讀書給弟妹聽,或幫他們複習。這樣一來他們間接有了自己複習的機會,又可以增進兄弟姐妹之間的感情,還可以替你省時間,一舉多利喔。

當然,如果你只有一個孩子,或者這是家中最年長的孩子的話,那就行不通了。但你也可以試試看有沒有你認識的較年長或高班的孩子可以幫忙。


Have your older children help with your younger kids.

If you do not have older children or this is your oldest child, this won’t work. But perhaps there are older kids you know or in higher grades that might be able to help. If you DO have older children, encourage them to read and review with your younger child. This helps the older kids review as well as gives them bonding time with each other. It also frees up time for you!

有效的重覆練習法 Effective way to Repeat

要是孩子對某些單字特別感到難記,那就只能多重覆幾次。

可是這並不是要讓孩子不斷反覆死記一個單字,而是要讓孩子利用肌肉記憶在已記牢的知識和未記牢的生字之間形成一道橋樑,從而幫助記認。

舉個例子:孩子對「你的家在山下。」一句中的「在」字感到難記。那你要避免讓孩子不斷反覆記認一個「在」字,否則不但你和孩子都很快會感到煩厭,甚至還會造成心理陰影,結果他還是無法將已會的那些字和「在」字之間聯繫起來。

你可以試試另一種方法:

  1. 讓孩子先將「在」字溫習幾次
  2. 然後讓孩子將「在山」重覆幾次
  3. 接下來將「家在山」重覆幾次
  4. 如是者,每次加一個字,讓孩子慢慢重覆認讀,直到他能將整句話流暢地讀出來。

這個方法聽起來有點費事,可是我們試過都覺得很湊效呢。


Repeat characters your child is having trouble remembering.

Most people are tempted to endlessly drill characters their children are having difficulty recalling, but that is NOT the purpose of this tip. What we are saying here is to use muscle memory to bridge between the parts your child knows and the parts they don’t know.

For example, say your child is having a hard time with 在 (/zài/ exist, be alive) in the sentence, “你的家在山下.”

Usually, we would probably drill 在 until both we and our child are annoyed because they still can’t recall 在. This is because they haven’t connected the new character with the characters they already know.

So, here is what you can do:

  1. Have your child repeat 在 a few times.
  2. Then have your child repeat 在山 a few times.
  3. Then have your child repeat 家在山 a few times.
  4. Repeat the process by adding the previous character one at a time until they can read the full sentence without stumbling.

This feel so tedious, but it works really well!

要是這些前輩心得對你能起幫助,那就要繼續留意下個月的另外四則心得喔~

Posted in 情感發展 Emotions, 教養心得.