前輩爸爸、媽媽認為:不要操之過急,要信任孩子自我的學習能力。

他們也認為:閱讀理解比死記單字要來得重要。

我們將他們提供的心得都編輯了起來,而且中英對照,讓你作為參考。

繼續向前 Move on

當孩子的學習看似停滯不前時,你應該做的只是繼續向前

也許這個建議看起來不通,但很多時,孩子其實已將新字學進去了,只是需要時間去蘊釀罷了。

這時,一味的反覆練習只會產生反效果。信任基礎漢字500的設計吧:課程的編排已將必要的反覆練習埋在接下來的課文之中,只要你讓孩子繼續往前,他自然會有再練習那些生字的機會。

當時候到了,孩子自然會記認到那些生字。也許就是在那麼一個那你毫無心理準備的一天,孩子出其不意地認出了所有生字,讓你驚喜和不解。

孩子需要的,只是讓知識在腦內蘊釀的時間。


Sometimes, you just have to move on.

It may seem counterintuitive, but sometimes, your child just needs time to marinate. Resist the urge to endlessly review and go over characters your child has trouble remembering. Trust that Basic Chinese 500 is written in a way that your child will have plenty of opportunities to come across these characters in later chapters.

When your child is ready, they’ll remember. In fact, one day, out of the blue, they’ll magically know the characters and you’ll wonder how or why, but all your kid needed was time.

 

靜候時機 Wait

無論要孩子學甚麼,都應該配合他的年齡和他獨有的發展階段。

有時,也許你要他學的東西與他現時的年歲和發展階段脫了節,所以變得事倍功半。與其硬要他死記,弄得兩敗俱傷,不如就靜候時機

時機成熟了,一點就通,孩子也建立了自信。


Keep your child’s age and developmental stage in mind.

Sometimes, what you want them to do is simply not appropriate for their age or developmental state. Instead of hitting your head against a wall trying to get them to do something they’re not ready for, just wait. Once they hit the right time for them, they’ll get it.

理解上文下理 Read in Context

閃卡看起來很有效,但要孩子真正掌握到生字,還是要靠對上文下理的理解。對不少家長來說,用閃卡讓孩子操練看起來很有效,家長用起來也簡單有把握。

但別忘了:認字的最終目的是要會閱讀文章、理解整個故事的情節文理,而不是要認出所有的閃卡。因此,即使孩子認閃卡不是很棒,也別擔心。也許他看故事時反而更能理解。而你最終就是希望他能閱讀和理解,不是嗎?


Flashcards are great – but context is better. It is really tempting to drill our children with flashcards because it seems to be a concrete way to see progress.

However, we need to remember that the point of knowing the characters is to be able to read in context and not to know the flashcards as an end result. So, if your child isn’t great at flashcards, don’t worry. They may do better with actual reading (and ultimately, that’s what you want).

 

閱讀理解很重要 Comprehension matters

閱讀理解很重要。當你教孩子認讀的時候,重點應該放在對文意的理解,而不僅僅是單字的認讀。認讀單字的最終目的也是為了閱讀文章。如果勉強記認了單字,而不甚理解,那結果只是徒勞無功。

事實上,當孩子的閱讀理解能力增強,他的認字能力相應地會增強。因此,孩子記認「山」、「大」這些字會比記認一些抽象字 (如:很、在) 容易。

當孩子的理解能力強了,他就更能透過插圖和情節的推斷而猜測和記認生字。這也正是我們正常的閱讀模式。


Comprehension matters. Focus on comprehension instead of character recognition. The point of character recognition is to be able to read and understand what you’re reading. If your child recognizes a character but doesn’t understand what it means or how to use it, it’s not really useful or practical.

Additionally, the more Chinese your child comprehends, the easier it will be for them to remember characters. That’s why it’s generally more difficult for younger children to recognize the more abstract terms such as 很 /hěn/ (very) or 在 /zài/ (to be, to exist) compared to concrete terms such as 山 /shān/ (mountain) or 大 /dà/ (big).

Comprehension will also allow your child to guess a character based on contextual cues from the illustrations as well as the story itself.

Posted in 情感發展 Emotions, 教養心得.