前輩爸爸、媽媽體會到:在教導孩子的過程中,耐性和靈活性是父母必備的要素。

孩子不願意握筆寫字的時候,他們提供了靈活處理的方法。

學習基本技能的同時,也不要忘記當初的長遠目標。

這一輯的中英對照心得精選,值得讓你作為參考。

加點耐性 Be patient

萬事起頭難。剛開始時要多加點耐性。

每天或每星期的目標不要定得太高。小小的目標,很容易就能達到;既有成功感,又能增加學習樂趣。


Be patient when you first start off. Set small daily or weekly goals so that it’s manageable and have fun together learning!

 

閱讀多種圖書 Read other books

和孩子一起閱讀各種各類的圖書。

有時,我們會忘記了初衷:學習基礎漢字500的目的是為了最終讓孩子會閱讀。因此,將家中的藏書拿出來吧。和孩子一起讀:讓他讀他已學過的字,其餘的由你讀。

你要是時間緊張或想偷懶一下也可以喔:單純地讓孩子自己將已會的字指出來 (或讀出來),而不必讀整個故事。這樣可以很省時間。要是他認得的字不多,那就更快了。

除了圖書,日常生活中見到的字都可以請孩子讀出來。這樣他就明白到:認字是一件有目的、有實用性的事。


Read other Chinese books with your child.

Often, we forget that the entire point of using Basic Chinese 500 is so that our children will be able to read Chinese (or at least, 500 of the characters, anyway). If you have other Chinese books at home, read them with your child. Point to the characters they should know and have them read only those characters.

In fact, if you’re feeling really lazy, you can just have your children point out the characters they know in children’s books instead of reading the story. The beauty of this is that the fewer characters they know, the faster the story time will go.

If you do not have Chinese books at home, you can always print out Chinese text online and have your children circle or point out all the characters they recognize. This activity is particularly helpful because our children see WHY they are learning Chinese. They are learning so that they can unlock stories written in Chinese, plus they can see their improvement over time as your children can read more and more characters.

要保持靈活性 Be flexible

定立目標固然很重要。但與此同時也應為計劃保留一定的靈活性。有時,孩子就是會鬧脾氣不願意重覆讀某一句或某一冊書。這時,你就要想想利用一些創意有趣的方法去誘導他了。(例如:利用遊戲卡、造句比賽、唱/改編兒歌、拋磚塊遊戲等。)


Set up a goal but be flexible because sometimes children just don’t want to read the same book or repeat the same sentence. Be creative and teach or review lessons in other ways. (For example: flash cards, making sentences competition game, children’s songs or tile game.)

 

手描動作加深印象 Finger tracing to enhance memory

要是孩子年紀小,不會或不願意握筆寫字,那可以讓他用手指跟着課本上的大型字描寫。

基礎漢字500的每一課的第一頁都會將那課的生字放大在九宮格,還有筆順指引,適合孩子以手指描寫。最好能讓孩子一面描、一面大聲朗讀那個字。

這樣,透過指尖的觸覺和手部的動作,他會將字形和結構都印在腦海中。描幾次,就可以開始課文了。


If your child is either too young to hold a pencil well or just doesn’t like writing, you can have them use a finger to trace the characters instead. Basic Chinese 500 has a large version of each character (along with brush strokes) at the start of every lesson. Have your child say the word out loud as they finger trace the character.

This way, your child will still internalize the stroke order and get a feel for the shape and construction of the character. Do it a few times and then move on to the lesson.

Posted in 情感發展 Emotions, 教養心得.