一步一個小腳印,持之以恆就會見到成績;在這個過程中,我們亦不妨加入一些有趣又見效的方法。

這一輯的中英對照家長心得,會為你帶來新的動力和靈感。

學習是一場馬拉松 Learning is a marathon

學習閱讀是一場馬拉松,有別於剎那的衝刺。學會了基礎漢字500,目的是為了接下來的閱讀理解。


The purpose behind Sagebooks is to encourage children to read and want to learn even AFTER mastering the Basic Chinese 500 characters. Learning is a marathon, not a sprint.

 

欲速則不達 Don't Rush

要記住:欲速則不達。

當你每天一課一課地教孩子時,有時難免會心急希望他們讀快些,別指着圖畫東問西問;讀完一句馬上翻到下一頁繼續,對吧?我們都希望孩子能在最短的時間內將最多的生字塞進腦裏記牢。

要抑制一下這種衝動喔。

讓孩子好好地欣賞一下插圖吧。其實這樣不但不會浪費時間,反而能有助孩子對生字的記憶。閱讀除了讀字,還包含了對內容和情節的領會。書中的趣味插圖能讓孩子記得那一頁出現過的情節,聯想到句子中的字。

聯想,是很有效的記憶方法。所有這類提示對孩子記認生字或課文內容都會起到很大的幫助。


Don’t rush.

When you’re going through the lessons with your child, it can be very tempting to hurry them along and make them read only the sentences as quickly as possible. After all, most of us want to get onto the next thing and cram as many characters into their brains as we can.

Resist the urge to do so.

Let your kid enjoy the pictures and take in the illustrations at their leisure. Believe it or not, this will help your child with the actual reading. Reading is all about context – and the fun pictures will not only give clues about what the text will contain, it will help your child remember the characters on a given page because they will associate the sentences with certain drawings.

All these cues will come into play as your child reviews the lessons or tries to recall characters.

常規節奏 Consistency

保持學習的常規節奏是要學習見效的關鍵。我們的目標不應該是每次盡量塞多幾課書讓孩子讀,而是要能有規律又持之以恆地每天 (或盡量頻密地) 學習少量的新內容。


Consistency is key. The goal shouldn’t be to cram as many lessons or characters in one sitting, but to consistently go over a little bit every day (or as often as possible).

 

動覺學習 Kinesthetic learning

動覺學習是指孩子運用自己的身體和實際活動去學習,而不是一味坐着看書或聽課。有時,不管怎樣用閃卡等操練都無法讓孩子記牢的內容,一個簡單的動作或一首兒歌反而能讓他們印象深刻。

例如,有些老師在教普通話的四聲調時,會讓孩子擺動頭部配合:第一聲,不動;第二聲,將下巴向右上角提;第三聲,用頭部畫個「V」字;第四聲,向右下角點頭。

這類動作在幫助大腦神經建立新連結之餘,還讓孩子在置身有趣的動作或美工活動的同時不自覺地學習。越來越多學校課程設計引入了遊戲、唱遊、美工等是有道理的喔。


Kinesthetic learning is a learning style that uses your child’s body and physical movement to learn lessons instead of sitting down and reading or listening to a lecture. Sometimes, a simple movement or song will aid as a cue for memory more so than any amount of time drilling with flashcards.

For example, some schools teach children to use their bodies when they are learning the different tones in Putonghus (Mandarin). If a character is the first tone, they don’t move. For the second tone, children lift their chin and move their head up and to the right as if they are writing the tone mark with their heads. For the third tone, children move their head in a checkmark, and for the fourth tone, children move their head down and to the right.

Other than helping our children’s brains make new and different connections, these activities are also fun and hide learning under the guise of movement or crafts. There’s a reason why many schools include physical movement, songs, and crafts in their programs!

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Posted in 情感發展 Emotions, 教養心得.