擴充孩子的詞彙:反義字組詞 Expand your child’s Chinese vocabulary

漢語漢字有不少特色:成語疊詞破音字部首... 我們的部落格亦有不少文章個別討論。

利用反義字組成另一個全新意義的詞語,亦是漢語的一個特色。

要擴充孩子的詞彙庫,不斷學習新的字詞當然是不可或缺的方法。

與此同時,以孩子已掌握的漢字教導他們認識全新的詞彙,也是有效的方法。利用他們已懂的字意,引導他們理解個別字詞可以怎樣進一步引伸出新的詞語和意義,藉此可以觸發他們對語文變化和發展的認識,啟發他們的思維認知,幫助他們靈活掌握字詞的用法。

這次我們從思展方程式課程中挑選了10組反義詞,作為讓孩子認識這類組詞的入門。同時亦加上英文翻譯,為有需要的家長/教師作為參考。


You might have learnt some distinct features of the Chinese language from our other blog posts, such as idioms, die-ci (reduplication), homographs, radicals, etc.

In this post, we discuss another feature: forming a new word by combining two antonyms.

Learning new characters is no doubt a great way to expand a child’s vocabulary. However, you can also introduce new words to your child based on characters they have already learnt, since Chinese words are but combinations of characters. Introducing new words this way helps them understand the relationship between the new word and the words they already knew. It can also stimulate their linguistic understanding and deepen their comprehension of not only the language, but also of the culture and the people’s mentality.

Here, we have chosen twenty characters from the Sagebooks curriculum which form ten new words. This serves as an introduction to this method of forming words.

字(1) Word 1 字(2) Word 2 新組詞 New Word
Big Small 大小 Size
Square Round 方圓 Perimeter
High Low 高低 comparative strength
Right Wrong 是非 Trouble
Pain / Suffer Fast / Happy 痛快 Delighted, To one's heart's content
Early / Morning Late / Night 早晚 Sooner or later
Left side Right side 左右 To influence
Out In 出入 Discrepancy / Exit and Entrance
Long Short 長短 Length
Many Few 多少 How many? / A certain amount or extend

免費下載 FREE Download

這十組詞語有免費練習紙活動供下載。備有家長參考的字表(上圖,含繁、簡版).
We have prepared summary sheets of these 10 words, in both Traditional and Simplified Chinese versions, for free download.

預製小字卡,可剪下來讓孩子靈活個別學習。
Pre-print word cards: simply cut them out and let your child play with them to become familiar with them.

亦有活動練習小詞卡,讓孩子字首、字尾練習組詞。將下面的材料每個字剪下來,做成小字卡,放在上圖詞卡的正確位置。
Activity word cards let your child practice the beginning or the end of each word. You could also cut out each character (below) and ask your child to put them at the correct position on the word cards.

下載反義字組詞練習紙
DOWNLOAD WORKSHEET

當然你也可以用閱讀練習卡讓孩子練習各種組詞。

更多例子 Further examples

上述的10組引伸出來的詞語,它們的意義其實都與其中的兩個字有着關連。當你向孩子慢慢解釋和討論,不難引發出他對語文興趣。

反斗歌圖書集中讓孩子練習同義詞和反義詞,孩子在閱讀中掌握了其中的奧妙,就不難進一步理解更多的詞語,例如:

  • 坐立難安
  • 哭笑不得
  • 戲假情真
  • 出生入死
  • 天長地久
  • 東成西就
  • 先苦後甜 …

這些都是在思展方程式課程範圍之內教授的字喔。

要是你或孩子對反義詞感興趣,歡迎參閱:看漫畫學反義詞 Antonym Challenge (in comic)


The meanings of the above 10 words are related to each of the characters in the word. Please take the time to explain each of them to your child. It will spark their interest to learn more of the language, or languages on the whole.

Flip-Flop Fun is a set of books that focuses on the study of antonyms and synonyms. It helps your child to learn more words such as those listed in the above table.

All of those characters are taught in the Sagebooks curriculum.

For more reading activity on antonyms, please read:看漫畫學反義詞 Antonym Challenge (in comic)

我們會經常為大家探討漢字和語文的課題。

要是你有特別的相關課題希望我們探討,歡迎您告訴我們。

If you would like us to discuss certain topics on Chinese, please let us know.

我想提問 I have a request

 

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